Clomifene Citrate

(British Approved Name Modified, rINNM) Drug Nomenclature Synonyms: Chloramiphene Citrate; Clomifeni Citras; Clomifeno, citrato de; Clomiphene Citrate; Klomifén-citrát; Klomifeenisitraatti; Klomifen-citrát; Klomifencitrat; Klomifeno citratas; MER-41; MRL-41; NSC-35770 BAN: Clomifene Citrate [BANM] USAN: Clomiphene Citrate INN: Clomifene Citrate [rINNM (en)]…

Helicobacter pylori and Ulcers

The most common cause of gastric and duodenal ulcers is a spiral-shaped, gram-negative bacterium – genus: Helicobacter, species: pylori – that lives on the gastric mucosa under the mucous layer. This organism was first observed in stomach biopsy…

Statins Cut Risk of Stroke

By lowering cholesterol, drug reduces stroke events. By analyzing 28 studies involving use of HMGcoA reductase inhibitors or other anti-lipidemic agents in more than 100,000 patients, researchers have concluded that those patients given the HMGcoA inhibitors were 0.76…

Zocor Heart- Pro (Simvastatin)

Zocor Heart- Pro Simvastatin 1 What the medicine is for Zocor Heart-Pro is a medicine which is used to reduce the risk of a first heart attack in people who have a moderate risk of coronary heart disease…

Elderly Patients

The incidence of epilepsy is highest in patients >75 years, with a point prevalence of 1.5%, and as the population ages doctors will treat increasing numbers of older patients with epilepsy. Treatment of epilepsy in older patients is…

Perianal Disease in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

The proper surgical management of perianal Crohn’s disease  is controversial. Ever since fistulas were first recognized as a manifestation of Crohn’s disease by Penner and Crohn, the specter of incontinence from aggressive perianal surgery has haunted its operative…

Psychotropic Drugs in Children: Indications

The physician should choose the one most appropriate medication. Current indications for the use of psychotropic medications in children and adolescents can be summarized briefly (Table l). The listing in Table 1 is by no means an exhaustive…

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Definition There are two forms of idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease: ulcerative colitis, a mucosal inflammatory condition confined to the rectum and colon, and Crohn’s disease, a transmural inflammation of gastrointestinal mucosa that may occur in any part of…

Leustat injection (Cladribine)

Leustat injection Cladribine 1. What Leustat is and what it is used for Leustat contains a medicine called cladribine. This belongs to a group of medicines used to treat cancer (called ‘cytotoxic drugs’). Leustat is for: • An…

Mucosal Protective Agents

Sucralfate Sucralfate is a basic nonabsorbable aluminum salt of sucrose octasulfate. Despite weak antacid properties, the protective effect of sucralfate is not mediated by acid suppression or neutralization, but by a mucosal protective effect on the gastric mucosa….