Pancreatitis

Acute Pancreatitis

Acute pancreatitis is a discrete episode of inflammation resulting from intrapancreatic activation of digestive enzymes. It is a disease with a wide spectrum of severity, complications, and outcome. Acute edematous or interstitial pancreatitis. In this stage, the pancreatic…

Diagnosis of Acute Pancreatitis

Clinical presentation History. Abdominal pain is the most common complaint in acute pancreatitis. It is usually located in the epigastrium, left upper quadrant, or periumbilical area, and often radiates to the back, chest, flanks, and lower abdomen. TABLE….

Pancreatitis

Definition Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory disorder of the pancreas characterized by severe pain in the upper abdomen and increased serum concentrations of pancreatic lipase and amylase. Most patients with mild Acute pancreatitis recover completely, but severe Acute…

Diagnostic studies of Acute Pancreatitis

Laboratory studies Serum amylase. Even though there is no definite correlation between the severity of pancreatitis and the degree of serum amylase elevation, serum amylase elevation is commonly equated to the presence of pancreatitis. However, hyperamylasemia may be…

Etiology of Acute Pancreatitis

There are many conditions implicated as causative factors in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis (Table CAUSES OF ACUTE PANCREATITIS). Alcoholism and biliary tract disease. The two most common etiologic factors associated with pancreatitis are alcoholism and biliary tract…

Diagnosis of Chronic Pancreatitis

The insidious nature of chronic pancreatitis delays the early diagnosis of this disorder in many patients. Patients usually come to medical attention after considerable damage has occurred to the gland. In most cases, it is difficult to differentiate…

Chronic Pancreatitis

Chronic pancreatitis results from progressive destruction and fibrosis of the pancreas with ongoing inflammatory lesions. The exocrine pancreatic tissue and function are lost in the earlier stages, followed by the loss of endocrine parenchyma and function. The disease…