Gastro-intestinal diseases include a number of illnesses that affect the anatomical region of the same name. From the list of abnormalities some of the main group of diseases can be identified, which include infectious and noninfectious (depending on the nature of occurrence) diseases affecting stomach, esophagus, small intestine, large intestine, as well as hereditary and acquired diseases.
Risk factors for the development of pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract include: poor nutrition, which includes products for the imbalance in protein, fat and carbohydrate on the structure, as well as irrational combination. Violation of diet, when food intake is rare, but large portions, the abuse of sharp spices and fast food products. In addition to the above mentioned, the appearance of the disease can be caused by smoking, alcohol abuse, drugs, prolonged use of drugs, contact with infectious patients, violation of the rules of hygiene when preparing food, and living in ecologically unfavorable regions, as well as a genetic predisposition to gastrointestinal diseases.
The main symptoms of gastrointestinal disease are abdominal pain in stomach of different nature and localization, nausea, vomiting, heartburn, diarrhea, and the appearance of plaque in the language, the appearance of halitosis, rumbling in the stomach, increased flatulence, aversion to certain groups of products and excessive salivation.
Violation of the gastrointestinal tract has an adverse impact on the whole organism, the metabolism, immunity decreases and the deteriorating condition of the skin. Often, only a qualified medical assistance can help to radically improve the situation.
The gastrointestinal tract consists of many organs and glands, which are involved in the process of supplying of the human body with nutrients that are necessary for its normal functioning and development. Starting from the mouth and ending with rectum, digestive organs permeate almost the entire human body.
Huge impact on the digestive system can be shown by the state of oral cavity, endocrine system, and the presence of infections in the human body. The frequency of visits to a gastroenterologist and the general condition of the digestive system of the person depends on the number of factors. These, above all, are correct nutrition, absence/presence of stress, the environmental situation in the region etc.
Symptoms of gastrointestinal tract are very diverse and depend directly on the organ structure.
Among the common symptoms that accompany diseases of the digestive system, are:
- loss of appetite
- heartburn and regurgitation
- nausea and vomiting
- abdominal pain
- weight loss
- disorder chair
Among the diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are the most common inflammatory diseases of its various organs, characterized by acute or chronic nature:
- gastritis – inflammation of the stomach
- esophagitis – esophageal
- colitis and enteritis – large and small intestines
- hepatitis – a liver
- proctitis – rectum
- duodenitis – a duodenal ulcer
- Pancreatitis – the pancreas
- cholangitis and cholecystitis – the bile ducts and gall bladder
Inflammatory diseases of the digestive system have a detrimental effect on the mucous membrane, impair motor function of the digestive system and eventually lead to the emergence of: ulcerative colitis, cholelithiasis, duodenal ulcers and stomach. A serious problem found in large numbers of people today, including infants is intestinal dysbiosis.
Diseases of the bowels, pancreas and stomach are often the primary cause of most skin diseases and metabolism.