Dysphagia

Diagnostic approach of Dysphagia

History Differentiation of the major causes of dysphagia can be facilitated by eliciting the history on several critical points: consistency of the food causing symptoms, localization and duration of dysphagia, and presence of associated symptoms such as odynophagia,…

Dysphagia

Esophagus Anatomy The esophagus is a muscular tube measuring about 25 cm (40 cm from the incisor teeth) extending from the pharynx at the cricoid cartilage to the cardia of the stomach. It pierces the left crus of…